Gallery of Polish Art 1800 -1945
The Gallery of Polish Art 1800–1945, initiated by Tadeusz
Dobrowolski, the first Director of the museum, constitute the pre-war museum
collection, supplemented by acquisitions which followed the restitution of the
museum in 1984.
The most significant trends in the 19th century art were
Romanticism and Historicism – paintings depicting historic events, figures and
landscapes. The second half of the 19th century was the time of Realism –
paintings devoted to genre scenes. Artists portrayed the feudal relationships
between the peasants and the nobles (among others, the problems of homelessness
and orphanhood). Józef Chełmoński represents the romantic trend in the 19th
century realist painting, he is also known for his mastery in the painterly
depiction of horses. The turn of the 20th century was the advent of the Młoda
Polska period. Among others, Jacek Malczewski, Stanisław Wyspiański, Leon
Wyczółkowski were the eminent painters of the time. The 1990s were the time of
Impressionism, represented by Józef Pankiewicz and Władysław Podkowiński. The
most outstanding representative of Symbolism, Jacek Malczewski, must also be
mentioned. Artistic groups (such as Formiści Polscy – the first avant-garde
artistic formation and Rytm – a group cultivating national art) played an
important role in the interwar period. Colorism was a significant trend in
Polish painting. The interwar period was the time of the integration of Polish
art with European one through the contacts maintained by avant-garde groups and
the involvement in the operation of the School of Paris. Mojżesz Kisling and
Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz (Witkacy) are artists belonging to this period.
What makes the gallery unique is the fact that it is one of the
most representative collections of Polish painting of the 19th and 20th
centuries and its multimedia tour, suggested or individual one: a time space
distinguished within the exhibition, formed of private collections deposits and
multimedia presentations of a given artist, his output and epoch.
From among over 260 works comprised in the museum collection, 140 are exhibited, presenting all the significant trends in Polish art of 1800–1945.
Exhibition curator: Katarzyna Jarmuł